Endometriosis gets its name from endometriosis which is the uterus lining that the body produces monthly in case of egg implantation. The body sheds the lining during menstruation. Midtown West infertility specialists explain that endometrial tissue can travel as far as the Fallopian tube and abdomen. Endometriosis is when endometrial tissues develop on other organs outside the uterus.
Common symptoms of this condition include menstruation discomfort, infertility, painful feelings during sexual intercourse, and other bowel movement and urination abnormalities. You can also experience fatigue.
Impact of Endometriosis on Your Fertility
Irritation and inflammation due to endometriosis can affect your fertility. For instance, inflammation of fimbriae prevents the delivery of the egg into the Fallopian tube. The swelling and scarring can damage the egg and sperm as it exposes them to inhospitable environments due to endometriosis. You may be unable to carry a pregnancy to full-term or suffer miscarriages.
In advanced cases, endometriosis causes adhesion and pelvic organs to get stuck to each other resulting in a decrease in their function. Moreover, endometriosis can block your Fallopian tubes.
Endometriosis can form a cyst on your ovary. The situation needs surgery where the surgeon treats it using laser, cauterization, or removing it using scissors. The doctor can diagnose the condition after doing a laparoscopy.
Women with mild endometriosis don’t experience infertility. These women can get pregnant without needing infertility treatment. If you have difficulty conceiving, consult your doctor or go to a fertility specialist.
Pregnancy with Endometriosis - Treatment Options
As much as endometriosis has no cure, you can still manage the condition.
Managing Resulting Pain
Endometriosis comes with pain. Women take painkillers like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, codeine, and paracetamol. Consult your doctor before taking any of these medications to know if the medications can affect your baby if you have conceived.
The endometriosis specialist can give you hormone treatment to help manage your condition. However, hormone treatment is not advised for women trying to conceive as the treatment mimics pregnancy.
Surgery to Enhance Your Fertility
Surgery can improve your chances of getting pregnant if you failed to conceive. The specialist can conduct a keyhole surgery to eliminate affected tissues. However, if some tissues remain, the condition may recur or re-grow. The specialists can also do a laparotomy which is more invasive than keyhole surgery.
Overcoming Infertility Due to Endometriosis
Pregnancy is known to improve endometriosis. The hormones your body produces (estrogen) which causes the condition is no longer being produced. Doctors can try to help you conceive before doing a laparoscopy if endometriosis is severe and hinders conception. Once conception happens, your condition improves and the specialists can take measures to prevent a recurrence of the condition.
Consequently, breastfeeding slows down endometriosis growth. You can start birth control until you are ready to conceive again. This method increases your chances of conceiving even without needing to endure infertility treatment or laparoscopy.
In Vitro Fertilization
If you still want to bear kids, you can go for IVD. This is where your eggs are harvested and fertilized in a lab before being implanted in your uterus.
Intrauterine Insemination or IUI
It’s where the doctor injects the healthy sperm cell into your uterus directly to ensure implantation. This requires proper timing when you are undergoing a menstrual cycle.
Third Party Assisted ART
You can use it with other ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) such as sperm donation, egg, gestational carrier, or surrogate. Egg donation is done when the woman can’t produce her own eggs and a surrogate is done if the woman is unable to carry a pregnancy.
Physicians treat infertility cases using proper treatment options if the woman has endometriosis. For instance, if you have a history of stillbirths, miscarriages, and other fertility problems. This doesn’t mean you are infertile. The endometriosis specialists help you conceive using the mentioned treatment methods. Reproductive technology has helped many women conceive when their endometriosis condition affected their fertility. Consult your specialist to learn more.